Each year, food poisoning in Raleigh NC affects roughly 1 in 6 people in the United Kingdom as a result of eating or drinking food or beverages that are contaminated. It is possible for anyone to become ill with food poison, but those with compromised immune systems, infants, young children, older people, and those with chronic illnesses are at the highest risk.
A majority of food poison cases are caused by bacteria, but viruses, parasites, chemicals, and metals can also cause illness. In this article, we examine what symptoms food poisoning has, how long it lasts, and what treatment options are available.
Which are the Common Food Poisoning Symptoms?
Symptoms of food poison can vary depending on the contaminant, but most people experience the following combination of symptoms:
- Cramps or stomach pain
- And vomiting
- Accompanied by diarrhea
- Or headache
- And fever
Rarely, patients may suffer from:
- The diarrhea is bloody
- Due to dehydration
- As well as a high fever (above 102°F).
- Pain in the muscles
- Accompanied by blurred vision
- Irritation or rash on the skin
What Is the Time Frame for Symptom Development?
Variable lengths of time may pass before symptoms develop depending on the underlying cause. An exposure to Staphylococcus aureus (Staph) will cause symptoms within 30 minutes, while symptoms from Listeria illness can take up to 4 weeks to appear. Food poison symptoms usually appear within 30 minutes to 2 days after exposure to the most common forms.
Food Poisoning Symptoms: How Long Do They Last?
An individual will fully recover from food poisoning within 1 to 5 days. Those who are young, elderly, pregnant, and have underlying medical conditions, as well as those with weakened immune systems, are at an increased risk of getting food poison. When food poisoning is suspected, it is advised for these patients to contact a doctor or healthcare provider as soon as possible.
Food Poisoning: What Are the Treatments?
- You should get lots of rest if you are experiencing food poisoning along with a fever. You can take ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or aspirin to control the fever with the help of your doctor or healthcare provider. Children and teens should always consult a doctor before using medications containing salicylates or aspirin as these can cause a serious illness (Reye’s syndrome). In addition to stomach bleeding caused by aspirin and ibuprofen, the risk increases with age. Do not take these medicines for more than 10 days consecutively unless your doctor instructs you to.
- You can use a heating pad or hot water bottle to relieve cramps or stomach pain. Make sure the water bottle is covered or the heating pad is set to low so as not to burn the skin.
- It may be beneficial to let the bowels settle for a few hours after food poisons since nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea are common symptoms. For a few hours, avoid eating anything, and drink clear liquids such as water, broth, diluted juice, or electrolyte drinks (sports drinks). It is advisable to stay away from carbonated beverages as well as those that contain caffeine or alcohol. Dehydration can cause serious complications, so staying hydrated is vital.
- If eating does not worsen stomach cramps or diarrhea, patients should stick to easy-to-digest foods like toast, crackers, bananas, rice, gelatin, or applesauce. Once symptoms have subsided, patients are likely to be able to resume their normal diet within 2 to 3 days. However, they should avoid heavy, greasy, spicy, or fatty foods for several days.
Read More about Food Poisoning: What to Eat After Food Poisoning?